Main Types of Farm Equipment Used in Goulburn
Today’s agriculture depends heavily on its farming equipment; the machines are only just behind the farmer’s expertise and knowledge. In fact, it is safe to say that farming could not happen without the machines.
The most common types of equipment and machinery used on farms include tractors, balers, combines, ploughs, harrows, and fertiliser spreaders.
The tractor is, of course, the principal piece of farm equipment. Its main function is to pull the farming equipment, but it is versatile enough to be used for many things. Tractors come in many shapes and sizes; for example, the front loader which can be used for things such as loading manure into a manure spreader.
Two-wheel drive, two-wheel drive with front assist or full four-wheel drive are the main categories of tractor, the four-wheel sometimes having articulating middles or tracks. Not surprisingly, these are very expensive and also have a very particular purpose. But not all farmers pay out for a brand new tractor when there is no need.
Second hand farm equipment is frequently advertised for sale and, as long as it has been properly maintained, is a shrewd investment.
The tractor will be used to pull the plough. There are many types of plough such as the disc plough, the chisel plough, and the ridging plough. Each has its own job. The disc plough slices the ground and is used to cultivate the soil in which crops are to be planted and also chops up unwanted weeds or remaining crop; the chisel is used to loosen and aerate the soil, leaving crop residue on the soil; and the ridge is used for crops which are grown buried in ridges of soil.
In most cases the harrow is used after the plough to break up the clods of soil. Again, there are many types of harrows –the chain, the roller and spring. An older design, the spring harrow uses flexible iron teeth to loosen the soil. After the spring harrow, the roller is used to crush the soil and break up any lumps of dirt. The chain harrow is then used to aerate the soil, lift matter off the ground, and spread out the matter in the field. Sometimes they are also used to cover seed and loosen packed soil.
The most common seeder is the broadcast which simply drops the seed over a finned spinning disk. The broadcast spreader, working the same way as the seeder, manure spreader or liquid spreader are also an integral part of a farm’s equipment and used in conjunction with the tractor.
The combine is the most expensive piece of equipment a farmer needs– but is one of the most important as it reaps, threshes and winnows the crop. This is also worth checking the second hand farm equipment advertisements for.
The tractor is not redundant yet. It is still needed to pull the baler and the trailer bringing the harvest in, proving that a farm could not exist without one.
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